Benefits of physical activity on health

At present it seems clearly demonstrated that while sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for the development of many chronic diseases, among which cardiovascular diseases stand out as one of the leading causes of death in the Western world, leading a physically active life It produces numerous benefits, both physical and psychological, for health.

Given its importance, we are lucky to have several specialized portals on the Internet. In this case from Saludalia we try to contribute our bit, but we are not the only ones and there are also other websites with many tips and tips that are very useful to improve our health. We refer to sites like that are a good complement to the information you can find here.

It is not easy to define the term health since each person has a perception and personal experience of it, depending on what each one considers normal, the socioeconomic level, religion, way of life and culture, which provides the pattern that defines the form to be or to be healthy. Many definitions refer to the absence of disease as a concept of health, such as that of Samuel Johnson in his Dictionary (1775), which says that health “consists of being robust, unharmed or lacking in discomfort, pain or illness.” According to the O.M.S. (World Health Organization), health can be defined as “the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not only the absence of diseases”.

One of the motivations for carrying out physical exercise is the search for that state of wellbeing that approaches the individual concept of health as a basic component of the quality of life.

Is it healthy to exercise?

According to studies, it seems that there is a relationship between physical activity and life expectancy, so that physically more active populations tend to live longer than inactive ones. On the other hand, it is a reality that people who perform physical exercise on a regular basis have the subjective feeling of being better than before doing it, both from the physical and mental point of view, that is, they have a better quality of life. It seems evident therefore that the practice of physical exercise has something positive for health.

The human body has been designed to move and therefore requires regular exercise to stay functional and avoid getting sick. Physical activity is all body movement produced by the muscles and that requires an energetic expenditure. Physical exercise is a type of physical activity that is defined as any programmed, structured and repetitive bodily movement performed to improve or maintain one or more of the components of the physical fitness state. When the level of physical activity does not reach the minimum necessary to maintain a healthy state, we speak of sedentary lifestyle.

During our childhood and adolescence most of us maintain a level of physical activity more than enough through the game and different sports activities. But the opportunities for physical exercise are reduced as we become adults. In addition, unlike previous generations, there are fewer and fewer people who perform activities that involve some kind of physical work, either at work or during leisure time. In any of the countries of the world that we call developed, the indicators of physical activity show really discouraging figures. According to different statistics sedentary lifestyle affects 40 to 60% of the population, and only 1 in 5 individuals reaches the minimum of physical activity recommended for health.

What are the benefits of physical activity for health?

In a brief and very accurate statement, Dr. K. H. Cooper defines physical exercise as “the method to put more years in your life and more life in your years”. Most people can benefit from doing physical activity on a regular basis. It is common for people to think that they get enough exercise at work. Many think that they are too old to start, others that their physical form is already too bad to try to recover it. Obesity, diabetes, or physical disability may be the reasons that discourage the subject to begin physical activity. But in many cases it is simply laziness, or the expectations of fatigue and pain that prevent it from even being attempted.

At present, there seems to be sufficient evidence to prove that those who lead a physically active life can obtain a long list of health benefits:

It decreases the risk of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases in general and especially mortality from ischemic heart disease to a degree similar to other risk factors such as smoking.
Prevents and / or delays the development of arterial hypertension, and decreases

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